In certain countries, notably in Europe, the media coverage is at least as saturated as the election of their own leader. Implicitly, the press is inferring that while these states may also be democracies, their citizens have no real voice in determining their own future which is subject to the good will of the occupant of the White House. So how can it be said that these states are really democracies?
The problem is that voting has been conflated with democracy. This remark also applies to the United States. The electoral spectacle is supposed to be the proof that they are living under a vibrant democracy, but this is all smoke and mirrors. In contrast to the widespread conviction that the president of the United States is elected directly by the people, he is not, not even secondarily. The American people are not sovereign and the citizens are not electors. The president is chosen by an electoral college of 538 people, designated by the States which are the true sovereign bodies. Over time, it became the practice for the States to consult their citizenry before appointing the electoral college. The Gore vs. Bush election of 2000 was a potent reminder that the voice of the people plays a purely advisory role and is not what counts. The Supreme Court decided that it was not going to wait for a recount of votes in Florida before proclaiming the winner. All that mattered was the decision of the delegates, not what the voters said.
The illusion doesn’t stop there. When George W. Bush resided in the White House, no one seriously imagined that so uneducated and incompetent a man could actually exercise power. It was thought that a team of advisors discretely exercised it for him. When Barack Obama succeeded him, and since he was thought to be more intelligent it was believed that he was truly in charge. But how can it be assumed that the team that exercised power under Bush would spontaneously renounce it under Obama?
Observing the daily agenda of the U.S. president, it consists of ceaseless audience appearances, speeches and ceremonies. How could this individual find the time to really familiarize himself with the topics of his speeches. He is no more president than the newscasters on TV are journalists. They share in fact the same profession: teleprompter reading.
Yet we vaguely sense that there is more to the Obama-Romney Show than meets the eye, that something really is being decided. And it is. In the constitutional system of the U.S., the primary function of the president is to name over 6000 appointees to public office. This political rotation effectively entails a vast migration of elites. In the current context, thousands of high-level functionaries and tens of thousands of assistants and advisors could possibly be discharged and largely replaced by appointees from the Bush era. The presidential election determines the personal careers of all these people and brings with it the corrupt bidding process that favors this or that multinational. Indeed, there are real reasons for investing money, a whole lot of money, in this contest.
Where is international politics in all this? Over the last two decades, major changes never took place in the midst of an electoral campaign; they emerged instead during the president’s term in office. Bill Clinton (1993-2008) pledged to reduce budgets following the disappearance of the USSR and bring about economic prosperity. Instead, in 1995 he commenced an expanded program of military rearmament. George W. Bush (2001-2008) was going to rationalize the Pentagon and wage "war without end" but by the end of 2006 he had stopped the privatization of the military and begun the pull-out from Afghanistan and Iraq. Barack Obama (2009-2012) was going to continue the retreat and "reset" relations with Russia and the Muslim world. What occurred instead was the continued construction of the missile shield around Russia, U.S. support for the color revolution in Egypt and wars on Libya and Syria. Each time that these teleprompter readers did such an about-face, they betrayed their constituents and did so without qualm or hesitation.
The ongoing dilemma of the U.S. ruling class is to find the right teleprompter reader, the one who can most convincingly explain away the upcoming political turnarounds. In this sense, Romney represents a new kind of rhetoric. He ceaselessly reaffirms that America has the vocation to rule the world while Obama maintains that the world should be governed by international law. The current president is trying to resolve economic problems by significantly reducing military expenditures and transferring the war banner to the allies, for example by subcontracting the destruction of Libya to the French and British. By contrast, Romney asserts that the U.S. economy, to function, has to have its armed forces patrol the air and all international waters. To do so, he intends to maintain the current level of military expenditures, despite the crisis but also as a way of resolving it.
Whatever option is chosen, the basics will not change. The U.S. wants to disengage from the Middle East on which it has become less dependent as a source of energy. It can only do so by sharing the region withRussia. If he remains in the White House, Obama will present this course of action as as multilateral progress. If Romney replaces him, he’ll seek to carry out a Reagan-type strategy and chain the foot of the Russian bear to enmesh it in interminable conflicts. Clearly, in this regard and in others, the only outcome of the U.S. election will be the choice of arguments employed to convince us that America is a democracy which acts with both power and good intentions. What are we complaining about?